Probably native to Ethiopia, coffee was first grown in Yemen. It was in the 15th century that monks began to consume coffee in order to have a clear and awake mind. There are several legends about the discovery of coffee. One of them tells the story of a shepherd whose goats would have eaten the fruits of the coffee tree. The latter would then have gained in tonus and vivacity, thus intriguing Kaldi the shepherd
In the 15th century, Muslim pilgrims introduced the coffee called K’hawah which means invigorating. Places of conviviality called “café houses” are gradually flourishing. People play and enjoy coffee.
Coffee arrives in Europe
In 1600, the Venetians introduced coffee to Europe. Although he was widely consumed in Venice, he was subject to controversy and some of the Pope’s advisors asked him to ban him. But after tasting it and enjoying it, Clement VIII decided to rename it and democratize its consumption, all the monks began to consume it. Around 1650, England began importing coffee and the first coffees appeared. Intellectuals gather there to philosophize around a «little black man». It is in 1672 that the first Parisian café was founded by an Armenian. In 1689, Boston was the first American city to open a café. Gradually, over the centuries, the consumption of coffee has spread to the whole world to become a daily act.
Growing coffee production
Due to growing demand, coffee plantations are being set up in tropical countries to produce more and more. Brazil, Colombia and Vietnam are among the world’s largest coffee producers. Annual production in the 20th century was 6 million to 7 million tonnes, whereas 100 years ago it was only 100,000 tonnes. Today, coffee is available in different varieties to appeal to a wider audience.
Coffee consumption by country
In terms of consumption, Finland leads with 12 kilos per person per year. France is in 17th position with a consumption of 5.4 kilos. The countries that consume the most coffee remain the richest. For example, Puerto Rico, Chile or Suriname have an annual consumption per person of less than 1 kilo